Dizzy Gillespie – Manteca

Dizzy Gilespie – Trumpet, Vocal
Tony Coe & Derek Humble – Alto Sax…. BIlly Mitchel & Ronnie Scott – Tenor Sax…. Sahib Shihab – Baritone Sax
Benny Bailey, Art Farmer, Dusko Goycovich & Idrees Sulieman – Trumpet
Nat Peck, Ake Persson & Erik van Lier – Trombone
Francy Bolland – Piano…. Jimmy Woode – Bass…. Kenny Clarke – Drums….
Recorded – November 4, 1970 – Tivoli Gardens Concert Hall, Copenhagen, Denmark….

«Manteca» is one of the earliest foundational tunes of Afro-Cuban jazz. Co-written by Dizzy Gillespie, Chano Pozo and Gil Fuller in 1947, it is among the most famous of Gillespie’s recordings (along with the earlier «Night in Tunisia») and is «one of the most important records ever made in the United States», according to Gary Giddins of the Village Voice. «Manteca» is the first tune rhythmically based on the clave to become a jazz standard.

n 1947, Gillespie asked Mario Bauzá to recommend a Cuban percussionist for his big band. Bauzá suggested Pozo, a rough-living percussionist already famous in Cuba, and Gillespie hired him. They began to work Pozo’s Cuban-style percussion into the band’s arrangements.

The band was touring in California when Pozo presented Gillespie with the idea for the tune. It featured a bridge of two eight-bar trumpet statements by Gillespie, percussion patterns played by Pozo, and horn lines from Gillespie’s big band arranger Walter «Gil» Fuller. According to Gillespie, Pozo composed the layered, contrapuntal guajeos (Afro-Cuban ostinatos) of the A section and the introduction, while Gillespie wrote the bridge. Gillespie recounted: «If I’d let it go like [Pozo] wanted it, it would have been strictly Afro-Cuban all the way. There wouldn’t have been a bridge. I thought I was writing an eight-bar bridge, but after eight bars I hadn’t resolved back to B-flat, so I had to keep going and ended up writing a sixteen-bar bridge.»

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